If you take a Bosphorus tour, you’ll pass many lavish and intriguing buildings, but the most opulent of them all surely has to be the 600 m long Dolmabahçe Sarayı (Dolmabahce Palace). It took 13 years to build and was completed in 1856 and served as the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire until 1922.
The palace was commissioned by Sultan Abdülmecid (who decided there should be a more European palace than Topkapi) and designed by Armenian architect Karabet Balian and his son Nikoğos Balian. (read Balyan family on Wikipedia). It is an ostentatious blend of architectural styles including Baroque, Rococo, Neoclassical and modern Ottoman, dripping in luxury.
Look out for the handmade parquet floors in the Dining Hall. Carved from rosewood, ebony, and mahogany, they are a delicate masterpiece, almost hidden by the lavish furnishings.
The 4.5-tonne chandelier, in the ceremonial hall, was a present from Queen Victoria and is the world’s largest Bohemian crystal chandelier.
The National Painting Museum at Dolmabahce Palace, Istanbul
In 2014, the National Palaces Painting Museum (Milli Saraylar Resim Müzesi) opened in an annex of the palace, containing 202 fine examples of late 19th and early 20th century paintings.
Located inside the harem section is the room in which Mustafa Kemal Atatürk - founder of the Turkish Republic- stayed, and where he eventually died.
The women of the harem had to watch the grand ceremonies in the hall through the grilles, behind which they were kept hidden.
The founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk died in this palace and the clock remains set to the time he died, 9:05 am on November 10, 1938. Every year at this time, the whole of Turkey comes to a standstill in remembrance.
The construction cost five million Ottoman mecidiye gold coins, which would be the equivalent of around $1.5 billion in 2022 values – the strain it places on the empire’s resources contributed to its deteriorating financial status.
Located between Beşiktaş and Kabataş, there a number of other sights in the area worth seeing, such as the neo-baroque Dolmabahçe Camii (Dolmabahçe Mosque), the Dolmabahce Clock Tower, the Palace Collections Museum, and Istanbul Naval Museum. If you are interested in seeing the other palaces of Istanbul, why not visit Topkapi Palace or the Beylerbeyi Palace.
The Dolmabahce Palace's opening hours are from 9 am to 6 pm, and it is open every day except Mondays. The Dolmabahce ticket price is 450 Turkish Lira per person and in order to fully understand the Dolmabahçe Palace history, it is required to take a tour.